Joseph Calderone, Jr., M.D., F.A.C.S.
Richard M. Chopin, M.D., F.A.C.S.
Two South Avenue East, Suite One
Cranford, NJ 07016
Phone: (908) 276-EYES (3937)
Fax: (908) 276-3174
Though there is a wealth of treatments for eye diseases and conditions, the best way to take care of your eyes is to take preventive measures that will help you avoid impairing or damaging your vision. Not all ocular issues are avoidable, but you can still significantly reduce the risk of contracting any sort of destructive condition or disease by being conscious of how you treat your eyes. Your vision is a precious asset, and treating it as such can help you to avoid many potential complications.
Dr. Joseph Calderone, Jr and Dr. Richard Chopin believe in the importance and value of optimal vision. As your ophthalmologists, they hope to accompany you on your journey to optimize and maintain your vision through personal interactions, honest advice, and the very best of patient care. Contact Cranford Ophthalmology if you would like to schedule an appointment to see Dr. Calderone or Dr. Chopin.
Preventive Eye Care
Because many eye diseases and conditions do not produce any noticeable symptoms, one of the best ways to partake in preventive eye care is to see an ophthalmologist like one of the doctors at Cranford Ophthalmology on a regular basis. Through various methods, he can check your eyes for a number of issues such as glaucoma, cataracts, retinal health, and vision loss. Scheduling an eye exam on a regular basis enables you to prevent and treat many issues before they lead to more serious and even permanent problems. We recommend that patients in their 30s and 40s schedule an eye examination every two years. Patients in their 50s and 60s should schedule examinations every year or two, and patients who are 70 or older should schedule an examination every year.
In addition to regular eye exams, wearing the proper protective eyewear can considerably lessen the risks of eye injury. Investing in a pair of sunglasses with ultraviolet (UV) protective lenses can prevent long-term injury to the inner structures of the eye as well as the development of cataracts and macular degeneration. Using protective eyewear while playing basketball, baseball, or racquet sports can also drastically reduce the risk of eye injury; sports injuries to the eye can lead to glaucoma and cataracts.
Your eyes are also very vulnerable to infections, including conjunctivitis, also known as pinkeye. Many eye infections may be avoided through proper hygiene practices such as washing your hands regularly with antibacterial soap and not sharing eye makeup or drops. Avoid rubbing your eyes whenever you feel discomfort and instead use artificial teardrops.
Taking proper care of your contact lenses can also reduce the risk of eye problems. Follow the instructions that came with your contact lenses and solution. If your eyes feel dry or otherwise uncomfortable, or are red with or without discomfort, do not insert your contact lenses, or remove them immediately if these symptoms develop while wearing them. Never place your contact lenses in your mouth.
If you have any questions about preventive eye care, contact Dr. Calderone, as he is more than happy to help you retain and improve the health of your eyes.
One of the most common conditions that adversely affects vision is age-related macular degeneration (ARMD), the leading cause of diminished central vision among the senior population. The affected area is the macula, located in the central area of the retina, which is responsible for detailed and color vision.
Dry ARMD, the more common of the two types of ARMD, blurs vision very gradually over an extended period of time. Wet ARMD is much less common, reducing vision very quickly and suddenly. The FDA has recently approved Lucentis for the treatment of Wet ARMD. This treatment, when taken monthly, can maintain the vision of more than 90 percent of patients with this type of AMD. As of yet, there is no set treatment for dry ARMD.
There is increasing evidence that high doses of zinc with copper and vitamins A, C, and E may help to slow down the progression of ARMD. Substantial amounts of vitamins and minerals in addition to lutein and other anti-oxidants can be found in dark, green, leafy vegetables like kale, spinach, and ochre, and on a smaller scale broccoli, zucchini, celery, orange peppers, corn, kiwi, and red grapes.
Another common ocular condition is dry eye, which usually stems from the protective tear film over the surface of the eye evaporating more quickly. The eye becomes increasingly exposed to air, wind, debris, and sunlight, resulting in burning, stinging, tearing, or itching sensations. Dry eye has no definitive cure, but the symptoms can be treated. Artificial teardrops can bring much relief to dry eyes, while ointments and humidifiers may be helpful but can be a hassle. Punctal plugs and Restasis are treatment options of this condition. Dr. Calderone and Dr. Chopin can help determine if they are right for you.
Posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) is another common condition. Symptoms are commonly known as “flashes” and “floaters.” The vitreous is the substance comparable to jelly that fills the back of the eye and is attached to the peripheral retina that lines the back of the eye. As time passes, the vitreous begins to lose its texture and become increasingly liquid, causing its fibers to contract. This contraction leads to the inability of the vitreous to maintain its shape, eventually collapsing and pulling away from the retina in a process referred to as posterior vitreous detachment.
The flashes a patient may see when suffering from PVD come from the traction the collapsed vitreous exerts on the retina. Condensed vitreous fibrous elements are the cause of floaters. Nearsightedness and eye injuries are common factors contributing to the onset of PVD and its symptoms. Typically, flashes subside within 48 hours; floaters float out of the way or the patient can become accustomed to them over time. More seriously, however, a tear in the retina is found in some eyes with PVD, in which case a procedure to seal the retina around the tear must take place. Since anyone with symptoms of PVD can develop a retinal tear, everyone with these symptoms should have a dilated examination in order to determine if a retinal tear has occurred.
Poor eyesight is a common condition that is often remedied by eyeglasses or contact lenses. Nearsightedness (myopia), farsightedness (hyperopia), and astigmatism are referred to as refractive errors because each is a result of an improperly shaped cornea that prevents light from focusing correctly onto the retina. Improper focusing of light leads to less-than-perfect vision to varying degrees. Patients who feel burdened by eyeglasses and contact lenses have three popular refractive surgeries to turn to as an alternative to eyewear. LASIK, PRK, and LASEK each work to repair the incorrect shape of the cornea, allowing light to focus correctly onto the retina, leading to improved vision.
If you have any questions or concerns about any of these common conditions, please contact Drs. Calderone and Chopin as they are more than happy to schedule an appointment to further educate and assist you on your journey to better vision.